Diseases

Dengue: Causes, Symptoms, Treatment and Prevention

September 23rd, 2015

Dengue: Causes, Symptoms and Treatment

The recent dilemma that entire India is facing, is the recent attack of Dengue all across the country. This disease can be very easily protected by maintaining basic hygiene and keeping mosquitoes at the bay. The hospitals are running out of resources to admit patients and the government is not able to educate people enough to restrict the spread of dengue. The dengue disease is very similar to malaria in terms of medium it is transmitted. Dengue just like malaria is spread by viruses which use mosquito as a medium of transfer. There is no other known medium through which dengue can spread.

Causes of Dengue:

Basically, dengue is spread by four different serotypes of dengue virus which are transmitted in the human body by Aedes aegypti mosquitoes. It is found generally in the tropical and subtropical region and thus, India is a favorable place for the spread of the disease. Frequent targets of dengue are world travelers, who are unable to protect themselves from mosquitoes. This mosquito is a daytime biter and can be found in both inside and outside the home. The mosquito is generally more active during sunrise and sunset. They don’t fly too much and can be found within 200 meters from their breeding area. So, if you want to protect yourself from it, then clear off all the nearby mosquito breeding areas.

Signs and Symptoms:

The symptoms of dengue fever start from high fever, of about 104-105 degree Celsius for 4 to 7 days. It also includes intense headache with pain behind the eyes. Muscles and joint pains with skin rash can be observed in many cases. Bleeding from the nose is very common and gums also start bleeding at times. Loss of appetite is observed and thus, patients avoid eating food making him weaker to fight the disease. Vomiting and diarrhea are very prominent sign of dengue. Sore throat and nasal stuffiness also add to the pain. If you come across any of these symptoms, it is best to seek treatment with the appropriate doctors at the earliest.

Treatment for Dengue:

Dengue doesn’t have any specific treatment. The entire concentration is laid on controlling fever and relieving pain through medicines. Paracetamol and Acetaminophen are highly recommended. While, drugs like aspirin, naproxen, ibuprofen should be avoided at all cost, as it may promote bleeding. Fluid intake should be increased to counter the effect of dehydration caused by diarrhea and vomiting. Heavy work should be avoided and appropriate amount of rest should be taken. Travelling while you are suffering from dengue should be avoided as much as you can. People often prepare for home remedies, Papaya leaves are one of the most commonly used remedies for treating Dengue, to more about home remedies for dengue click the link here.

Prevention:

When it comes to dengue, prevention is always better than cure. Stay away from mosquitoes through all means like mosquito repellent creams, using sleeping nets during treks, wearing full length clothes. Clear all the places that can help the breeding of the mosquito. There is no vaccine yet, which can help you in the prevention of dengue. Cleanliness is the only key. In case, you are infected, avoiding to visit public places like schools or works is not necessary to be avoided, unless there are high chances of mosquito bites.


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